Relationship of King Solomon and the genies
According to traditions, the jinn stood behind the learned humans in Solomon’s court, who in turn, sat behind the prophets. The jinn remained in the service of Solomon, who had placed them in bondage, and had ordered them to perform a number of tasks.
“And before Solomon were marshalled his hosts,- of jinn and men and birds, and they were all kept in order and ranks.” (Quran 27:17)
The Qurʾan relates that Solomon died while he was leaning on his staff. As he remained upright, propped on his staff, the jinn thought he was still alive and supervising them, so they continued to work. They realized the truth only when Allah sent a creature to crawl out of the ground and gnaw at Solomon’s staff until his body collapsed. The Qurʾan then comments that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment of being enslaved.
“Then, when We decreed (Solomon’s) death, nothing showed them his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his staff: so when he fell down, the jinn saw plainly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have tarried in the humiliating penalty (of their task).” (Qurʾan 34:14)
Difference in perception of jinn between East and West
There is a significant difference in how these beings are perceived in East (as jinn) and in West (as genies). Western natives moving to Eastern countries may experience a bout of culture shock when they are confronted with the perceived presence of jinn by people who believe in them, and two good examples of the struggle to adapt to a culture which believes in jinn are The Caliph’s House and In Arabian Nights by Tahir Shah, which describe his family’s experiences in moving from London to a supposedly jinn-inhabited home in Morocco.
Existence and usage of jinn in other cultures
In Guanche mythology from Tenerife in the Canary Islands, there existed the belief in beings that are similar to genies[improper synthesis?], such as the maxios ordioses paredros (‘attendant gods’, domestic and nature spirits) and tibicenas (evil genies), as well as the demon Guayota (aboriginal god of evil) that, like the Arabic ʾIblīs, is sometimes identified with a genie.
Jinn in the Bible
In several verses in those Arabic translations, the words jinn (جن), jann (الجان al-Ǧānn), majnoon (مجنون Maǧnūn), and Iblīs (إبلیس) are mentioned as translations offamiliar spirit or אוב (ob) for jann and the devil or δαιμόνιον (daimónion) for Iblīs.
In Van Dyck‘s Arabic translation of the Bible, these words are mentioned in Leviticus 19:31, Lev 20:6, 1 Samuel 28:3, 1 Sa 28:9, 1 Sa 28:7, 1 Chronicles 10:13,Gospel of Matthew 4:1, Mat 12:22, Gospel of Luke 4:5, Luk 8:12, Gospel of John 8:44 and other verses as well. Also, in the apocryphal bookTestament of Solomon, Solomon describes particular demons whom he enslaved to help build the temple, the questions he put to them about their deeds and how they could be thwarted, and their answers, which provide a kind of self-help manual against demonic activity.
Protection from jinn
An amulet, talisman or what is referred to as a tawiz in Sufi circles is a form of protection against many forms of spiritual evil, including protection against the jinn. It is often worn around the neck in a pouch, close to the heart. One such popular amulet was said to have been given to Sheikh Abdullah Daghistani by Muhammad in a vision. In that vision he was instructed to give this amulet to people as a protection for them in the last days. The amulet contains a depiction of the Throne Room of Allah. The amulet contains theosophic names as well as the names of folk saints. It is widely held to be very miraculous and a protection to those who submit to Allah. It is to be noted that Muslims believe that all protection and help only comes from Allah, as it is a central Islamic tenet to believe that there is no power nor might save God’s. Often, these sorts of practices are not widespread in the Islamic world and are mostly limited to certain tribal communities in remote areas. The Muslim faithful believe that reciting the Verse of the Throne (Qurʾan 2:255) and the final three concise chapters of the Qurʾan (chapters 112-114) are the most effective means of seeking protection from satanic whispers and evil creatures.
- In Neil Gaiman‘s novel American Gods, a salesman discontented with his life has a sexual encounter with a jinni (specifically, an ‘ifrit) who is working as a taxi driver in New York.
- In the Supernatural episode “What Is and What Should Never Be,” the protagonist, Dean Winchester, is attacked by a jinn and it grants him his wish.
- In the popular online MMORPG AdventureQuest Worlds, the Middle Eastern-themed zone the Sandsea Desert features a Djinn Chaos Lord named Tibicenas, as well as a Djinn realm which the player can explore.
- In Clash of the Titans the Djinn leader heals Perseus of a wound and aids his band in their battle against the gods.
- “Two Djinn” is a song by Bob Weir and Gerrit Graham which was released on Ratdog‘s album “Evening Moods” in the year 2000.
- ‘I Dream of Jeannie‘ is a 1960′s television show starring Larry Hagman & Barbara Eden as a beautiful but incorrigible genie rescued by an Air Force pilot, Major Anthony Nelson (Hagman) who constantly gets him into trouble with her magic.
The Class of Jinn :
- Nasnas (the first race of jinns in the earth)
- Shayṭān (Troops of Shayṭān headed by Iblis)
- Ifrit (a class of infernal jinn)
The other appellation of Jinn :
- ^ Qur’ān 15:27
- ^ Qur’ān 55:31
- ^ El-Zein, Amira. “Jinn,” 420-421, in Meri, Joseph W., Medieval Islamic Civilization – An Encyclopedia.
- ^ Wehr, Hans (1994). Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic (4 ed.). Urbana, Illinois: Spoken Language Services. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-87950-003-0.
- ^ Edward William Lane’s Arabic Lexicon
- ^ Hoyland, R. G., Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam.
- ^ Quran 55:14–15
- ^ Quran 116:4–4
- ^ Quran 51:56–56
- ^ Muḥammad ibn Ayyūb al-Ṭabarī, Tuḥfat al-gharā’ib, I, p. 68; Abū al-Futūḥ Rāzī, Tafsīr-e rawḥ al-jenān va rūḥ al-janān, pp. 193, 341
- ^ Tafsīr; Bakhsh az tafsīr-e kohan, p. 181; Loeffler, p. 46
- ^ Ṭūsī, p. 484; Fozūnī, p. 527
- ^ Fozūnī, p. 526
- ^ Fozūnī, pp. 525–526
- ^ Kolaynī, I, p. 396; Solṭān-Moḥammad, p. 62
- ^ Mīhandūst, p. 44
- ^ Abu’l-Fotūḥ, XVII, pp. 280–281
- ^ a b Ibn Taymiyyah, al-Furqān bayna awliyā’ al-Raḥmān wa-awliyā’ al-Shayṭān (“Essay on the Jinn”), translated by Abu Ameenah Bilal Phillips
- ^ Quran 72:1–2
- ^ Quran 15:18–18
- ^ Sahih Muslim, No. 2714
- ^ http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/arabian/bl-arabian-jinni.htm
- ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/53819003/47/Maruf-the-Cobbler
- ^ http://www.wollamshram.ca/1001/Vol_10/tale169.htm
- ^ http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/arabian/bl-arabian-alladin.htm
- ^ http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/arabian/bl-arabian-nuraldin.htm
- ^ Kubai, Anne (April 2007). “Walking a Tightrope: Christians and Muslims in Post-Genocide Rwanda”. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations (Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group) 18(2): 219–235. doi:10.1080/09596410701214076.
- ^ Guanche Religion
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article byintroducing more precise citations. (June 2012)|
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|Look up genie in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Jinn.|
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